What is obesity?

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What is obesity?

Cardiovascular Diseases *Hypertension *Heart attack *Ischemic heart disease *Heart failure *Deep vein thrombosis *Embolism Respiratory System Diseases *Sleep apnea *Asthma *Obesity hypoventilation syndrome *Pulmoner embolism Oncological Diseases *Breast, uterus, over cancer *Bladder, kidney, prostate cancer *Liver, pancrease cancer

Obesity is a complex disorder that occurs when the body's fat tissue is excessively increased, resulting in an increased risk of developing health problems and illnesses.


Obesity is a serious, chronic metabolic disease that affects millions of people that spread the fastest worldwide. Obesity is a disease that leads to other diseases and death. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that obesity is the second most common cause of preventable death after smoking and predicts it will be the first in the next 10 years.

 

The definition of obesity is the excess accumulated fat tissue in the body. There are several different methods for determining excess adipose tissue; is the most commonly used Body Mass Index (BMI). The fat cell is an endocrine cell and adipose tissue is an endocrine organ. Thus, adipose tissue secretes numerous products, including metabolites, cytokines, lipids and clotting factors. Excess adipose tissue and obesity cause increased levels of fatty acids into the circulation, triggering inflammation. This leads to insulin resistance, which can lead to type 2 diabetes in the future. In addition, the presence of excess fatty acids causes changes in cell wall structure. Excess fatty acids not only accumulate in adipose tissue, but also accumulate in all tissues such as pancreas, heart, muscle and have negative effects on metabolism and organ functions. If more than 5 years are experienced within the limits of obesity, changes in metabolism permanently make it impossible for patients to lose weight on their own.

 

The biology of food intake is very complex. With stimuli containing odor, taste, touch, temperature, mood, and metabolic / autonomic information, the signal to start and stop eating is delivered to the brain. Current scientific studies have identified many substances that act by signaling a need for an increase in food intake. It has also been detected in substances that send signals to the brain to reduce food forehead.

 


Obesity among adults in Turkey is a disease that affects one in three. The incidence of obesity is increasing after the year 2000 is now 66% of adults are either obese or overweight in Turkey.

 

BODY MASS INDEX

 


Body mass index is a mathematical calculation independent from age, family history, gender, height and weight. With this calculation, it can cause the wrong result in very muscular people, pregnant or nursing women.

 


Although many criteria are used in the evaluation of obesity, it is the most commonly used calculation unit today. BMI is frequently used in community health studies because it supports health-related effects and death and is easy to calculate. Apart from BMI, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio can also be used.

 

 

 

 

BMI Calculation

 

Body Mass Index (BMI) (kg/m2) =   Weight (kg)         

                                                   Height x Height (m2)  

According to body mass index results, the patient's weight status is interpreted as follows.

 

BMI    

<19     Underweight

19-25  Normal

25-30  Over Weight

30-40  Obesity

40-50  Morbid Obesity

50-60  Super Obesity

60-70  Super Super Obesity

>70     Hyper Obesity

 

 

HEALTH PROBLEMS RELATED TO OBESITY

 


Obesity is the accumulation of excess fat in the body. In obese individuals, with the accumulation of this fat in organs, organs begin to experience loss of function and cause a number of diseases.


Overall, the risk of an obese individual who has been obese since adulthood has been increased by 50% to 100% due to co-morbidities compared to normal-weight people. In addition, the average life expectancy is 10 to 15 years shorter.

 

Comcomitant Diseases Associated With Obesity

 

Endocrinological Diseases

*Diabetes Mellitus

*Metabolic syndrome

*Irregular period

*Hypogonadism

 

Cardiovascular Diseases

*Hypertension

*Heart attack

*Ischemic heart disease

*Heart failure

*Deep vein thrombosis

*Embolism

 

Respiratory System Diseases

*Sleep apnea

*Asthma

*Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

*Pulmoner embolism

 

Oncological Diseases

*Breast, uterus, over cancer

*Bladder, kidney, prostate cancer

*Liver, pancrease cancer

 

Gastroenterological Diseases

*Gastroesophageal reflux disease

*Fatty liver disease

*Steatohepatitis

*Liver fibrosis

*Gall bladder stones

*Hyperlipidemia

 

Urogenital Diseases

*Erectil dysfunction

*Buried penis

*Kidney Failure

*Infertility

*Pregnancy problems

*Polycystic ovary syndrome

 

Orthopedic Diseases

*Osteoarthritis

*Gonarthrosis

*Lumbar hernia

 

Psyhiatric and Neurologial Diseases

*Depression

*Asocial personality disorder

*Paralysis

*Migraine

 

Daily Life Difficulties


Normal things become more difficult when you are obese, such as moving around. You tend to be tired more quickly and feel short of breath. Public transport seating and car seats may sound small. Personal hygiene can be difficult.